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Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) Biography

Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) :The Second Caliph’s Legacy

“Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA): The Second Caliph’s Legacy of Justice and Leadership”


Hazrat Umar (R.A) Life History - Islamic Articles


Introduction: Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab, known as Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) , holds a revered place in Islamic history as the second Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate. His remarkable leadership, unwavering commitment to justice, and profound piety have left an indelible mark on the hearts of Muslims worldwide.

Early Life and Conversion to Islam:

Born in Mecca around 584 CE, Umar belonged to the powerful tribe of Quraysh. Before embracing Islam, he exhibited strength, intelligence, and an authoritative demeanor. Umar’s conversion to Islam in 616 CE marked a pivotal moment, and his acceptance of the faith was a significant boost for the early Muslim community.

Friendship of Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) with Prophet Muhammad (SAW):

Umar’s friendship with Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was characterized by mutual respect and camaraderie. His conversion brought strength to the Muslim ranks, and he became an integral part of the Prophet’s inner circle. The dedication of Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) to Islam and the Prophet’s teachings earned him the title “Al-Farooq,” meaning “the one who differentiates between right and wrong.”

Caliphate and Governance:

After the death of Abu Bakr (RA), Umar assumed the Caliphate in 634 CE. His tenure is renowned for its administrative brilliance and just governance. Umar introduced several reforms, including a welfare system, public kitchens for the poor, and a standardized legal code. His leadership style was characterized by accessibility and a commitment to ensuring justice for all.

Expansion of the Islamic Empire:

Under Umar’s leadership, the Islamic empire expanded significantly. Umar marked his military campaigns with strategic brilliance and a profound commitment to justice. During his caliphate, he brought territories including Iraq, Syria, and Egypt under Islamic rule.

Commitment to Justice:

Umar’s commitment to justice is exemplified by the famous incident where he patrolled the streets of Medina in disguise to assess the welfare of its residents. His famous saying, “Even if a lamb were to trip in Iraq, I would fear Allah’s questioning on the Day of Judgment,” underscores his sense of responsibility and accountability.

Legacy and End of Caliphate Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA):

Abu Lulu, a Persian slave, assassinated Umar, leading to the end of his caliphate in 644 CE. His death marked the end of an era characterized by exemplary leadership and just governance. Umar’s legacy endures through the principles of justice, humility, and selflessness that he instilled in the early Muslim community.


Hazrat Umar Farooq’s life is a testament to the transformative power of faith and leadership. His legacy continues to inspire generations of Muslims, and his contributions to Islamic governance and justice remain timeless. As we reflect on the life of Umar ibn al-Khattab, we find profound lessons in leadership, piety, and service to humanity, making him an enduring symbol of Islamic ideals.

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